Selected Plants of Navajo Rangelands

Take care of our Navajo Rangelands

(a.k.a. slender buckwheat, sand buckwheat)

White and pink flowers of Eriogonum microthecum, slender buckwheat

Buckwheat is represented on the Navajo Nation by 28 different species. Most have taproots, one main stem (simple or branched and with or without leaves). Most species have their leaves near the base of the plant, but send a flowering stem up higher. Although, as forage, buckwheats are inferior, livestock and wildlife will graze upon the flowers. They seldom form patches or become dominant vegetation.

Buckwheat has been used medicinally to treat a variety of conditions and as a tea.

Below are the scientific and common names of buckwheats found on the Navajo Nation:

  • Eriogonum alatum, winged buckwheat
  • Eriogonum cernuum, nodding buckwheat
  • Eriogonum clavellatum, Comb Wash buckwheat
  • Eriogonum corymbosum, crispleaf buckwheat
  • Eriogonum deflexum, flatcrown buckwheat
  • Eriogonum divaricatum, divergent buckwheat
  • Eriogonum effusum, spreading buckwheat
  • Eriogonum gordonii, Gordon's buckwheat
  • Eriogonum hieraciifolium, hawkweed buckwheat
  • Eriogonum hookeri, Hooker's buckwheat
  • Eriogonum inflatum, desert trumpet
  • Eriogonum jamesii, James' buckwheat
  • Eriogonum lachnogynum, woollycup buckwheat
  • Eriogonum lachnogynum var. sarahiae Sarah's buckwheat (Group 4 Navajo Endangered Species List)
  • Eriogonum leptocladon, sand buckwheat
  • Eriogonum leptophyllum, slenderleaf buckwheat
  • Eriogonum lonchophyllum, spearleaf buckwheat
  • Eriogonum microthecum, slender buckwheat
  • Eriogonum ovalifolium, cushion buckwheat
  • Eriogonum pharnaceoides, wirestem buckwheat
  • Eriogonum racemosum, redroot buckwheat
  • Eriogonum scabrellum, Westwater buckwheat
  • Eriogonum shockleyi, Shockley's buckwheat
  • Eriogonum subreniforme, kidneyshape buckwheat
  • Eriogonum umbellatum, sulphur-flower buckwheat
  • Eriogonum viridulum, clay hill buckwheat
  • Eriogonum wetherillii, Wetherill's buckwheat
  • Eriogonum wrightii, bastardsage
White and pink flowers of Eriogonum microthecum, slender buckwheat
Growth habit of Eriogonum microthecum, slender buckwheat in brushland habitat
Eriogonum microthecum, slender buckwheat in bloom
Flowers and needle-like foliage of Eriogonum microthecum, slender buckwheat
closeup of yellow flowers of plant
closeup of green leaves of plant
skinny green plant with green leaves and small yellow flowers growing in bunches at the end of the stalks
closeup of white flowers with yellow in the middle
skinny green plant with green leaves and small white flowers growing up along the stalks
closeup of white flowers with pink stamen
short bush-like plant with white flowers

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