Selected Plants of Navajo Rangelands

Take care of our Navajo Rangelands

Brome, red
Bi’zé yilwo’ lichi’í

Bushy, brown seedheads

Red brome is native to southern Europe and is an invasive weed in desert shrub and annual grassland communities. It commonly occurs in small patches on shallow soils, growing best where there is little competition from other annuals.

A tufted, annual bunchgrass, it grows from 8 to 20 inches tall.

Often found in areas with relatively high levels of sulfur dioxide pollution, it is of little value to livestock and big game. The long awns of red brome are harmful to livestock when seeds are ripe. Under some circumstances, red brome may provide a source of forage.

Entire stalks of grass with seedheads shown next to a shovel for scale
Bushy, brown seedheads
Individual dry seeds with their prominent awns

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