Selected Plants of Navajo Rangelands

Take care of our Navajo Rangelands

Nutsedge, yellow
(a.k.a. chufa)

Brown spikelets with leaves radiating outward beneath them

Yellow nutsedge is a native plant found across most of North America. Stems are triangular, growing to two feet in height. Leaves are grasslike and glossy. Yellow-brown flowers occur in a terminal cluster. The tubers (nuts) that give the nutsedge its name can remain in the soil even when the plants are pulled up or eaten by livestock. It can grow thickly, particularly in disturbed wetland areas, and is considered invasive.

Nutsedge is not a true grass, but grows in a grasslike form.

Detail of a spikelet showing floret
Prominent seedheads
Growth habit showing how densely the nutsedge can grow
Stalk with inflorescence and leaves
Growth habit showing how densely the nutsedge can grow

Copyright 2018 New Mexico State University. Individual photographers retain all rights to their images. Partially funded by the Western Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program (; 435.797.2257), project EW15-023. Programs and projects supported by Western SARE are equally open to all people. NMSU is an equal opportunity/affirmative action educator and employer..

NMSU does not discriminate on the basis of age, ancestry, color, disability, gender identity, genetic information, national origin, race, religion, retaliation, serious medical condition, sex (including pregnancy), sexual orientation, spousal affiliation or protected veteran status in its programs and activities as required by equal opportunity/affirmative action regulations and laws and university policy and rules. For more information please read the NMSU Notice of Non-discrimination (opens in new window).