Selected Plants of Navajo Rangelands

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Fescue, six weeks
Tł’ohyilzólídijoolí
(a.k.a. Sixweeks fescue)

Tufted growth habit with short, slender stalks and small seedheads

Six weeks fescue has solitary stems or stems in small tufts generally 3-12 inches tall. Under unusually wet conditions it may grow to 24 inches tall. It is erect or occasionally bent upward at the lower nodes. Six weeks fescue is shallow rooted and easily pulled from the soil.

Its seedhead is a panicle 1-4 inches long with short branches compressed against the rachis. Spikelets contain 5-15 florets. Glumes are unequal with the first being awl-shaped, sharp, and 1/4 inch long. The second glume is narrow, 1/8 to 1/4 inch long and sharp or with an awn tip. Lemmas are compressed, up to 1/4 inch long; smooth or rough to hairy; with inrolled, slightly membranous margins; and long-tapered to a short awn.

Leaf blades are narrow and boat-shaped. Sheaths are smooth or with backward hairs. Ligules are very short and auricles are absent.

It is adapted to a wide range of soils and soil textures but is most common on sterile, rocky ground and disturbed areas.

Associated species include cheatgrass, red brome, creosotebush, bursage, big sagebrush and storksbill.

Sixweeks fescue is generally so small that it provides little forage for large animals. It may be used by desert tortoise and small desert animals since it is common in their habitats. It provides little erosion control.

*Description courtesy of Utah State University's Range Plants of Utah.

Panicle showing arrangement of spikelets
Close-up of a spikelet, showing arrangement of seeds along the axis. The seeds lie close and taper, creating a point at the end of the spikelet.
Growth habit of a small specimen with many seeds.

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